Imagine starting every morning with a cup of coffee on your patio garden, surrounded by the sweet fragrance of Frangipani, those tropical flowers made famous by Hawaiian leis. Then picture yourself enjoying a glass of wine amid the perfumed Night-Blooming Jasmine as you watch the sunset. Sound impossible? After all, you don’t have much space for gardening.
What you may not know is that having a patio or balcony means you can grow a wealth of flowers and tropical plants without a lot of garden space. Whether you live in the cold North or the dry Southwest, you can create the optimal growing environment on a covered or partially covered outdoor area.
Why Start a Patio Garden?
With a covered patio, you can protect tender plants from the blistering sun or cultivate the right humidity within a partially enclosed space with misters. Even if you have a spacious backyard, adding a patio garden allows you to enjoy flowers and plants that normally would perish without strictly controlled growing conditions. Those in hot, sunny regions can appreciate shade-loving plants like ferns and hostas. Those in the Midwest can protect fragile potted palms and banana trees from spring’s biting winds. Let’s take a look at how to create a patio garden to help take you away from the cares and stress of everyday modern life.
Planning Your Patio Garden
Before heading for the home improvement store or buying out online seed distributors, there are a few things you need to do before getting started. Good planning is, after all, half the battle.
Understand your growing zone
The first step in starting a garden on your patio is educating yourself about the growing conditions you have to work with. Consider your hardiness zone, sun exposure, and prevailing winds during any stormy seasons. Also, familiarize yourself with the local growing seasons. In warmer climates, for example, you may be lucky enough to have two growing seasons. Further north, you may only have one, but you may also be able to get a head start by using a small greenhouse within the protection of your patio. So first, find your zone, determine your growing seasons, and research the typical temperatures during the year.
Hours of sunlight
You should also record the lighting conditions on your patio throughout the day, especially for covered ones. Take pictures of your patio throughout the day from early morning to sunset to determine which parts receive the most sun and which the least. You should get a reasonably accurate idea by taking a shot every one to two hours. Map these sunny and shady zones out in a sketch to reference later when placing your plants. Following this crucial step will help you determine which plants to use, as well as any hardscaping features you may choose and how to position them.
Know your plants
Once you know what growing conditions to expect, start listing out which plants you want to use. Zone hardiness is usually a good starting point, although plants in containers can be less resilient to winter's cold.
After determining which plants are suitable for your region, take a look at their light requirements. Plants that require full sun need six to eight hours of sunlight a day. Partial sun means constant dappled sunlight or three to five hours per day. When choosing, remember that providing more light in an outdoor space can become complicated, while creating shade is always an option.
Choosing your plants
To provide variety and visual interest throughout your growing season, considering the following when selecting plants for your patio garden:
Vary the height
Choose plants of varying heights to place greenery on several different levels. Potted palms and small trees give vertical interest and privacy screening from nosy neighbors. Hanging planters also give your patio garden an extra dimension, and plant stands of different heights will create layers of flowers. If there are walls or fences adjoining your patio, use them to install vertical gardens.
You can choose your favorite flower colors, but alternatively, monochromatic flower gardens can add drama and elegance to your home’s exterior. To make sure you have flowers throughout the season, choose plants that bloom at different times of the season. Greenery plants can also add color and texture, so look for ones with variegated coloring.
To give your patio garden that abundant feel, use a wide variety of plants. Also, you can bring out your houseplants like ferns, philodendrons, and pothos to provide greenery. They love spending the summer outdoors in shady spots. You can also grow vining flowers like morning glories, moonflowers, and star jasmine in containers and train them to climb your overhang supports and downspouts.
Many herbs enjoy the shade of a covered patio garden, providing fragrance when touched; many will even bloom toward the end of the summer. Shade tolerant vegetables, such as lettuce, spinach, broccoli, and kale do well in patio containers. And cherry tomatoes and other smaller varieties thrive in upside-hangers along the overhang, where they'll get plenty of sunshine.
For texture and year-round color, small evergreen shrubs will keep your patio garden inviting in the winter months. Evergreen plants, like boxwood, confederate jasmine, and rosemary will give your patio garden some color over the gray days of wintertime.
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If your patio isn’t a covered one, awnings and outdoor umbrellas can add shade to your garden. Using them will let you grow shade-loving plants and will also keep your patio much cooler. Another option is to build a pergola over your patio for climbing plants that will block some of the harshest of the sun’s ray.
For covered patios, hang planters with trailing vine plants to provide shade and privacy. Bamboo shades are quite popular in the South for covered patios and porches. Usually quite inexpensive, they’re easy to hang, and you can adjust them throughout the day by rolling up or down to moderate the levels of sunlight.
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Along with seating and a table or two, you may want to add other features to your patio garden. Hardscape includes anything that isn’t plantings, such as seating, lighting, and water features. Just because your patio garden isn’t in a big backyard doesn’t mean you can’t add features like a rock garden or waterfall fountain.
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Decide if you’re going to start your patio garden flowers with seed or purchase seedlings. You can even purchase full-grown flowering plants, if your budget extends that far. One way to make sure you make the most of your growing season is to use seed starter trays indoors a few weeks before the last frost.
And you may want to find some indoor space to annex your patio and catch overflow when it comes to tools, supplies, and seedlings, if you don’t have outdoor storage. Look to your garage, laundry room, or utility closet.
Container gardening is perfect for a patio garden. Garden pots come in a wide range of sizes, from the tiniest 2-inch terra cotta pot to massive pots large enough to hold a fruit tree. Here are a few tips for choosing pots and containers:
Preparing Your Patio Garden for Winter
In colder regions, many plants die back or die off completely. However, there’s no reason to start all over from scratch every spring. Choose the right plants and overwinter them. That way, you’ll be able to create a lush patio garden every year.
If you have tropical flowers or plants, or those typically considered “houseplants,” bring them indoors and find a space for them in your home. They may not grow much in the lower light levels but should do well if not overwatered or fertilized.
Perennial plants in containers need a little help to do well over the winter. Because their roots have less insulation as those buried in the ground, they can be susceptible to hard freezes. For best results, choose plants that are hardy up to two zones above yours. For example, if you garden in zone 6, choose perennials that are hardy up to zone 4.
Preparing your perennials for winter
One option for overwintering perennials is to turn your patio garden into a patio greenhouse. Depending on the size, you can assemble a greenhouse kit along a sheltering wall to keep your plants warmer through the winter. You can even build one yourself out of PVC pipe and plastic sheeting.
If this isn’t an option for you, you can create an insulated temporary space for them. Move the containers out of the wind, preferably with south-facing exposure, and put the pots in a “huddle.” From there, they can "shelter in place." Create that shelter for them by setting up a chicken wire perimeter around them. Insulate around the containers with hay, stray, or even old blankets, covering up to a few inches above the top of the soil. When temperatures dive below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, cover the chicken wire surround with burlap or other cloth. Remember to remove the cover on warmer days, so the plants get the benefit of sunlight.
Remember to water your plants during the winter. Take advantage of any sunny winter days with temperatures above freezing to water your outdoor container plants thoroughly. This helps make the roots more resistant to freeze damage. Gardeners in zones 7 to 11 rarely need to winterize outdoor container plants, although covering them overnight during a freeze will help protect them.
Get Ready to Create your Patio Garden Retreat
There’s no reason to scrimp and save for an island vacation when you can create your own tropical paradise. Get that resort feel with a wicker lounger, a tinkling table fountain, and a privacy screen of potted palms on your patio garden. And don’t forget the tiki lamps to cast a bug-repellent and magical atmosphere.
Instead of lasting a week or two, you'll be able to enjoy it all summer long. Combine exotic flowers and greenery to surround yourself with a private rainforest. Or add herbs and vegetables for al fresco salads to enjoy as you sit back, shaded from the hot sun by hanging tomato vines. Container gardening lets you bring the outdoors anywhere, even right outside your door in your patio garden.
Last update on 2021-08-04 at 15:54 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API